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Lemon Shark Pictures
Shark Picture Database
shark, Atlantic Lemon Shark.
Name: Negaprion brevirostris
yelowish brown body. Fins falcate. Second dorsal fin almost as high as first.
Eyes large. Snout broadly rounded.
length 340cm. Size at birth 56-81cm.
A coastal species. Inshore lagoons, and reef faces near deep water drop offs.
Juveniles stay in areas of mangrove and shallow sand flats.
and distribution: In
the western Atlantic from New Jersey to southern Brazil and in the
eastern Atlantic around west Africa, although the taxonomy of West African lemon
sharks is uncertain. In the eastern Pacific from Baja to Ecuador.
a home range of 18-93 square kilometres. May be found solitary or in
aggregations such as the one recently recorded off of eastern Florida. Adult
diet consists mainly of fishes including jacks, catfishes, guitarfishes,
stingrays, and other sharks.
Recorded litter size 4 - 17. Gestation period 10 - 12 months.
Listed as NEAR THREATENED by the IUCN.
Lemon Sharks are caught commercially on longlines and the
meat is dried, salted, or smoked. The fins fetch a very high price. The
Lemon Shark is consumed in the United States and in Central and South
America (Rose 1996). The rough and heavy skin has made the lemon shark
preferable among tanneries for the production of leather. However, it is not
included in TRAFFIC Network's list of species frequently appearing in
available information on worldwide shark fisheries (Rose 1996). It is a
target species in Belize, Mexico and USA and reported as bycatch in St Lucia
(Oliver 1996, Anon. 1997). Lemon Sharks were seen at a fish market in
Cameroon in 1991, but not since then (C. Grist pers. comm.). The species is
also caught in recreational fishing and was reported as the 13th most common
shark species in the US recreational fishery (Casey and Hoey 1985). A
decrease in the number of juvenile Lemon Sharks between 1986-1989 in the
lower Florida Keys may have been caused by several years of shark fishing
tournaments and 20 years of targeting with gillnets affecting the return of
females to bear new litters (Manire and Gruber 1990). The Lemon Shark is a
popular aquarium species and it is also used extensively for research
purposes. Lemon Sharks used to be common in the western Atlantic, from New
Jersey, USA to Brazil, but lately their numbers have been depleted,
especially around Florida (S.H. Gruber pers. comm.).
Tiger Beach dive site, Little Bahama Bank, Bahamas.
The lemon shark is fairly easy to identify but is superficially similar to many
other carcharhinids. In the Indo-Pacific, it is replaced by the Sicklefin
Reaction to divers:
Not known for its aggressiveness around
divers but should not be molested. Lemon sharks are difficult to approach
closely unless in a chumming situation.
Lemon sharks are
extremely easy to photograph at Tiger Beach in the Bahamas. Liveaboard dive
boats leave from Riviera Beach in Florida
and usually conduct one week trips to the Northern Bahamas. Most of the week is
spent at a variety of dive sites collectively known as Tiger Beach. This area is
also the best place to encounter Tiger Sharks, and it is a good spot to see
Caribbean reef sharks, Great Hammerheads, nurse sharks, and occasionally bull
seasonal aggregations of large mature female lemon sharks near Jupiter, Florida.
There is also a couple of shark feeds run by local operators leaving from
Sundström, L.F. 2015. Negaprion
brevirostris . The
IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2015:e.T39380A81769233.
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